Bible Study Outlines

Volume 3, Lesson 13
by C.I. Scofield

The Church

  1. What is the Church?
    1. The word ecclesia (translated 'church') means "the called out assembly."
      • Ephesians 1:22 - "Gave Him to be the Head over... the church, which is His body"
      • Ephesians 2:21,22 - "An holy temple in the Lord: in whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit"
      The Church is not a [physical] building. It is made up of all believers, with Christ as its Head.
    2. A dwelling place for God
      1. Old Testament
        • Exodus 40:34,35 - "The glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle." This was Jehovah's habitation through the shekinah (or, cloud of glory).
      2. New Testament
        • Matthew 18:20 - "Where two or three are gathered together in My name, there am I in the midst of them." Now He dwells in gathered believers through the Holy Spirit.
  2. How the Church is formed
  3. When the Church began
  4. The mission of the Church
  5. The attitude and expectation of the Church

    The whole number of believers from Pentecost to the event predicted in 1Thessalonians 4:14-17, forms "the church, which is His body" (Ephesians 1:22,23). It is formed by the baptism with the Spirit (1Corinthians 12:12,13), and is an organism, not an organization. This is the true or invisible church.

    The word is also used of any "called-out" assembly, such as a town meeting in Ephesus (Acts 19:32). In the plural, churches, the word is used of local assemblies of professed believers on the Lord Jesus Christ, who gather themselves together in His name for worship and service.

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