John 15:1-27 - Outline of John (MENU page)
15:1 I am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman.
15:2 Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away:
and every [branch] that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit.
15:3 Now ye are clean through the word which I have spoken unto you.
I am the true vine.- This is the last of Jesus' "I am..." statements.
(See also 6:35; 8:12; 8:58; 10:7; 10:11; 11:25; 14:6)
Jesus may have spoken these words as He and the disciples made their way from the upper room to the garden of Gethsemane (cp. 14:31)... perhaps, as they passed a vineyard in the Kidron valley ...or perhaps as they passed by, or through, the Temple. The great bronze gates of the Temple were inlaid with a golden vine which symbolized the nation of Israel. cp. Psa 80:8,9
But Israel, Jehovah's vine had not been true to Him. Isa 5:1-7; Jer 2:21; Hos 10:1
Jesus, the true {ie., genuine} Vine, brought forth the fruit that Israel failed to bear.
  • What is the essense of that fruit?
    Love for the Father, and obedience to His will (Joh 14:31).
    This is the fruit which the Father desires to see on every branch of the Vine.
My Father is the husbandman {ie., vinedresser}.-
The Father, seeking fruit from the true Vine (ie., Christ, cp. Isa 53:2),
tends to His branches (those who are "in me").
every branch in me that beareth not fruit, He taketh away {GK= airo, to lift off}.-
Does this mean that a believer can lose his salvation?
No! (cp. 3:16; 5:24; 10:28,29) - "No fruit" may be produced by either...
  1. A dead branch (ie., from another plant), which may appear to be part of the vine,
    but having never been in vital union with the vine, it bears no fruit, and can be easily lifted off.
    Such false branches never were saved, and are consigned to eternal fire (eg., false disciples, like Judas Iscariot, cp. 13:10,11; Mat 13:30; Jude 1:12,13).
  2. A withered branch (v.6), ie., a carnal Christian,
    who clinging to his own fleshly ways, hinders the life of the vine from working in him. Such fruit as he appears to bear will not stand the Father's test. cp. 1 Cor 3:11-15
    Such branches, though saved from eternal condemnation, may be 'taken away' from the place of fruit bearing (ie., this earthly life, cp. Php 1:22). (eg., those whose lives are not consistent with their professed communion with Christ, 1Cor 11:27-32)
    "In ch. 15, Jesus is speaking to His disciples. The question is not salvation but fruitfulness." [McGee]
every branch... that beareth fruit, He purgeth {GK= kathairo, to cleanse, to prune}-
  1. God's purpose for pruning: v.2
    • Pruning removes unfruitful side shoots, which hinder the production of good fruit.
    • Pruning is not painless, but it is profitable. Heb 12:5-11
  2. God's tools for pruning:
    1. His Word, Psa 119:9; Heb 4:12; 2Tim 3:14-17
      " are ye clean {GK= katharizo, purged, pruned} through the word..." cp. v.3; 13:10,11
    2. Circumstances and Trials, Psa 119:67,71; Jam 1:12
    3. the Rebuke of a brother, 2 Sam 12:1-13; 1The 5:14
    4. the Rebuke of God's family, Mat 18:15-17
15:4 Abide in me, and I in you.
As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine;
no more can ye, except ye abide in me.
15:5 I am the vine, ye [are] the branches:
He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit:
for without me ye can do nothing.
abide- GK= meno, to remain, to dwell, to continue. (occurs 11x in ch. 15)
abide in me... the vine- He is Life, and the source of Life (1:4).
the branch cannot bear fruit of itself - because it has no life in itself.
He does not tell us to bring forth fruit (though He wants to see fruit in us, v.2,8).
Rather, He tells us to "abide in Me." The business of a branch is to be filled with the life of the Vine, only then can it be fruitful. Take a look at a tomato vine: a branch is largest and strongest where it is joined to the vine, but it holds its fruit by the slenderest of twigs. It is the life of the Vine, which brings forth fruit.
15:6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered;
and men gather them, and cast [them] into the fire, and they are burned.
15:7 If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you,
ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you.
15:8 Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be my disciples.
The Father's purpose for a branch is to bear fruit.
  • A branch that responds to the Father's tending will grow in fruitfulness:
    "fruit... more fruit (v.2)... much fruit" (v.5,8).
  • A branch that is fruitless is worthless. (cp. Ezek 15:2-7)
    Regarding "cast into the fire," see note at v.2 above; 1Cor 3:11-15
What fruit does the Father desire?
Only those things that His Holy Spirit produces in and through the believer. Gal 5:22-25; Eph 5:9; Col 1:9-11
All else is worthless to Him. cp. Zech 4:6; Rom 8:4-8; 1Cor 2:4,5
To abide in Christ is to live by continual dependence upon, and fellowship with, Him.
"To abide in Christ is, on the one hand, to have no known sin unjudged and unconfessed, no interest into which He is not brought, no life which He cannot share. On the other hand, the abiding one takes all burdens to Him, and draws all wisdom, life and strength from Him. It is not unceasing consciousness of these things, and of Him, but that nothing is allowed in the life which separates from Him." [ScofRB]
How can I abide in Christ? -
  1. believe in (trust in) Him for salvation. The Holy Spirit joins the believer to Christ.
    - - [you] in Me.- Gal 3:26,27; 2Cor 5:17
    - - I in you.- cp. 14:15-18; Gal 2:20
  2. confess & seek cleansing from all sin, to remain in unhindered fellowship with Him.
    cp. v.2,3; 13:10; 1 Joh 1:3-9.
  3. commune with Him- to know Him, and to be supplied continually by His sufficiency.
    - - in His Word, v.7a; 8:31; 14:21,23; 1Joh 2:24,28; Col 3:16,17
    - - in prayer, asking for those things that will glorify Him, v.7b,8; 14:13; 1Joh 5:14,15; Mat 6:10
    When His will is my will, I can ask what I will, and it will be done... to produce fruit to His glory.
  4. obey His Word. v.10; cp. 8:31; 1Joh 3:22-24
in this my Father is glorified... so shall ye be my disciples-
Christ's disciples, like their Master, live to glorify the Father. cp. 12:27,28; 13:31
They bear fruit, to His glory, only in the degree that they abide in Christ.
1Cor 6:20; 10:31; Col 3:1-25; 1Pet 4:11
15:9 As the Father hath loved me, so have I loved you: continue ye in my love.
15:10 If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide in my love;
even as I have kept my Father's commandments, and abide in his love.
15:11 These things have I spoken unto you,
that my joy might remain in you, and [that] your joy might be full.
continue {abide} in my love... as I have kept... and abide in His love-
  • Obedience to Christ is motivated by a believer's love for Him (14:15; 1Joh 5:3).
  • The Love of Christ is experienced by a believer, according to the measure of his obedience to Him.
    (Consider the measure of Christ's obedience to the Father, and the expression of the Father's love for Him. 8:29; Isa 42:1; Mat 3:17; Psa 91:14-16)
that my joy might remain {abide} in you... that your joy might be full.-
  • my joy...- To do the will of the Father, and to finish His work. cp. 4:34; 17:4,13; Heb 12:2
  • your joy...- To share in My joy, as you live in fruitful obedience to the Father, through abiding in Me. cp. 10:10; 16:24; 1Pet 1:8; 1Joh 1:3,4
15:12 This is my commandment, That ye love one another, as I have loved you.
15:13 Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.
cp. v.17; 13:34,35; Eph 5:1,2
15:14 Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you.
15:15 Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant knoweth not what his lord doeth:
but I have called you friends;
for all things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you.
{cp. v.10 with 5:20}
15:16 Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you,
that ye should go and bring forth fruit, and [that] your fruit should remain:
that whatsoever ye shall ask of the Father in my name, he may give it you.
not servants {GK= doulos, slaves, cp. 13:16}... but friends-
  • He gave Himself for His friends (v.13) --
    (bringing them into Fellowship with Him, 1Cor 1:9)
  • - that they should show love to one another (v.12,14).
    (Fellowship with the brethren, Php 2:1,2)
  • - that they should share in His purposes and work (v.15).
    (Fellowship in the Gospel, Php 1:5,6).
ask... in my name.- cp. v.16; 14:13,14; 16:23,24
The Father answers prayer for those...
- - who live in vital fellowship with the Vine,
- - who live to glorify the Father with the Vine's fruit.
chosen- GK= eklegomai, to pick out, to select. This word is used regarding...
- - God's gracious 'election' of individuals to salvation. cp. 2Thes 2:13-15; Eph 1:4
- - God's gracious designation of individuals for service. cp. Luk 6:13; Acts 9:15
ordained- ie., appointed, put, place, set. cp. 1Tim 1:12; 2Tim 1:11
that ye should go... bring forth fruit... and that your fruit should remain {GK= meno, abide}.-
The works of men pass away. The works of God last forever. Isa 40:6-8; Isa 55:10,11
Co-laborers with Him will rejoice in the eternal harvest.
The ministry of the original disciples continues to bear fruit today.
(See also Psa 90:16,17; Prov 11:30; Dan 12:2,3; Joh 4:34-36; Rom 1:13; 1Cor 3:6,7.)
15:17 These things I command you, that ye love one another.
15:18 If the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before [it hated] you.
15:19 If ye were of the world, the world would love his own:
but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world,
therefore the world hateth you.
love- characterizes the relationship of the Father and the Son,
and of those who are joined to Him (v.9-12). Those who are joined to Him, in His life and life purpose (v.15,16), must love one another (v.17), for they serve in a hostile world (v.18,19).
hate- characterizes the relationship of the world toward the Father and the Son,
and toward those who belong to Him. v.18-21; 17:14
The world despises the believer, who once was like them, but now has:
a new Home (14:2), a new Hope (14:3), a new Love (15:9), a new Joy (15:11), a new Purpose (15:8,16)... cp. Jam 4:4; 1Pet 4:1-4,12-14
15:20 Remember the word that I said unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord. {13:16}
If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you;
if they have kept my saying, they will keep yours also.
15:21 But all these things will they do unto you for my name's sake,
because they know not him that sent me.
15:22 If I had not come and spoken unto them, they had not had sin:
but now they have no cloke
{ie., cloak, covering, pretence} for their sin.
15:23 He that hateth me hateth my Father also.
15:24 If I had not done among them the works which none other man did, they had not had sin:
but now have they both seen and hated both me and my Father.
15:25 But [this cometh to pass], that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law,
They hated me without a cause.
{Psa 69:4}
if I had not come... they had not had sin-
Long before Christ came, men were under sin. Rom 5:12-14
He came to take away the sin of the world. 1:29; Rom 5:15
But men rejected Him, and remain under sin. 3:18,19; 9:41; 16:9
they have no cloak for their sin.- ie., no covering, no excuse, no pretence...
No covering-
  • Their heart attitude toward the Father was uncovered by their rejection of the Son. (v.23,24)
  • There is no other provision for sin's removal. 3:18,36; 8:24; Heb 10:26-29
No excuse-
No pretence-
  • they hated me without a cause.- Jesus quoted from Psa 69:4.
    They pretended that there was a reason to reject Him, though He came to purchase their redemption.
    The phrase "without a cause" (in v.25) is from one word {GK= dorean}, which is translated "freely" in Rom 3:24; Rev 22:17.
15:26 But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father,
[even] the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father,
he shall testify of me:
15:27 And ye also shall bear witness
because ye have been with me from the beginning.
the Comforter- is the Spirit of {the} Truth. cp. 14:16-18; 16:13
- proceeds from {GK= ekporeuomai, to go out from} the Father.
- is sent by the Son. 16:7; cp. 14:24,26 (where it is the Father who sends).
- testifies of Christ. 16:13-15
ye also shall testify {of me}...- Observe the order...
"When the Comforter is come... ye also shall bear witness..." cp. Acts 1:8
As then, so now, believers must first be empowered by the Holy Spirit, before we can bear effective witness to our Lord.
Only, as the Spirit testifies of Christ, can we also bear witness.
...because ye have been with me from the beginning.
This line speaks to the importance of the witness of Christ's original disciples (the apostles).
cp. Acts 1:21,22; 2:32,33; 5:32; 10:39-42; 2Pet 1:16; 1Joh 1:1,2
John 16:1-4
16:1 These things have I spoken unto you, that ye should not be offended.
16:2 They shall put you out of the synagogues:
{cp. 9:22}
yea, the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think that he doeth God service.
{cp. Acts 22:3,4}
16:3 And these things will they do unto you,
because they have not known the Father, nor me.
{cp. Acts 13:27; Rom 10:2,3}
16:4 But these things have I told you,
that when the time shall come, ye may remember that I told you of them.
And these things I said not unto you at the beginning, because I was with you.
{cp. 17:12}
These things I have spoken...- with similar words, He prepared them for...
  • Judas' defection (13:18,19),
  • His own departure (14:28,29),
  • their fleshly inability to understand His word (14:25,26),
  • their fleshly inability to serve Him (15:5,11),
  • future persecution (16:1-4, 33)
that ye should not be offended.- ie., "caused to stumble" by opposition from religious
people who know neither the Father nor the Son. cp. Mat 13:20,21; 1Pet 2:7,8
The following Outline of ch.15 is suggested by way of review:
    The vital union of Christ and His own- (The Vine and His branches)
The Holy Spirit's work within believers (14:16-26),
   enables Christ's Bride (14:2,3) to be --
  1. joined to Him- the Source of Life and fruitfulness. (15:1-9)
  2. joined to Him and to each other- by His Word. (15:10-14)
  3. joined to Him and to each other- in His Work. (15:15-17)
  4. joined to Him in a hostile world- in persecution and in testimony. (15:18- 16:4)

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