Genesis 43 - Outline of Genesis (MENU page)
43:1 And the famine [was] sore in the land.
43:2 And it came to pass, when they had eaten up the corn which they had brought out of Egypt,
their father said unto them, Go again, buy us a little food.
43:3 And Judah spake unto him, saying, The man did solemnly protest unto us, saying,
Ye shall not see my face, except your brother [be] with you.
43:4 If thou wilt send our brother with us, we will go down and buy thee food:
43:5 But if thou wilt not send [him], we will not go down: for the man said unto us,
Ye shall not see my face, except your brother [be] with you.
43:6 And Israel said,
Wherefore dealt ye [so] ill with me, [as] to tell the man whether ye had yet a brother?
43:7 And they said, The man asked us straitly of our state, and of our kindred, saying,
[Is] your father yet alive? have ye [another] brother?
and we told him according to the tenor of these words:
could we certainly know that he would say, Bring your brother down?
43:8 And Judah said unto Israel his father, Send the lad with me, and we will arise and go;
that we may live, and not die, both we, and thou, [and] also our little ones.
43:9 I will be surety for him; of my hand shalt thou require him:
if I bring him not unto thee, and set him before thee, then let me bear the blame for ever:
43:10 For except we had lingered, surely now we had returned this second time.
43:11 And their father Israel said unto them, If [it must be] so now, do this;
take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a present,
a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds:
43:12 And take double money in your hand;
and the money that was brought again in the mouth of your sacks, carry [it] again in your hand;
peradventure it [was] an oversight:
43:13 Take also your brother, and arise, go again unto the man:
43:14 And God Almighty give you mercy before the man,
that he may send away your other brother, and Benjamin.
If I be bereaved [of my children], I am bereaved.
a little balm... a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds-
During the famine, they had these things (in limited quantity), but they lacked grain for bread, the staff of life.
Judah became a 'surety' for Benjamin.
He alone would be fully accountable to pay any price required for loss. cp. Phm 1:18,19; Heb 7:22
43:15 And the men took that present, and they took double money in their hand, and Benjamin;
and rose up, and went down to Egypt, and stood before Joseph.
43:16 And when Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the ruler of his house,
Bring [these] men home, and slay, and make ready;
for [these] men shall dine with me at noon.
43:17 And the man did as Joseph bade; and the man brought the men into Joseph's house.
43:18 And the men were afraid, because they were brought into Joseph's house; and they said,
Because of the money that was returned in our sacks at the first time are we brought in;
that he may seek occasion against us, and fall upon us, and take us for bondmen, and our asses.
43:19 And they came near to the steward of Joseph's house,
and they communed with him at the door of the house,
43:20 And said, O sir, we came indeed down at the first time to buy food:
43:21 And it came to pass, when we came to the inn, that we opened our sacks,
and, behold, [every] man's money [was] in the mouth of his sack, our money in full weight:
and we have brought it again in our hand.
43:22 And other money have we brought down in our hands to buy food:
we cannot tell who put our money in our sacks.
43:23 And he said, Peace [be] to you, fear not:
your God, and the God of your father, hath given you treasure in your sacks: I had your money.
And he brought Simeon out unto them.
43:24 And the man brought the men into Joseph's house,
and gave [them] water, and they washed their feet; and he gave their asses provender.
43:25 And they made ready the present against Joseph came at noon:
for they heard that they should eat bread there.
43:26 And when Joseph came home,
they brought him the present which [was] in their hand into the house,
and bowed themselves to him to the earth.
{cp. 37:8,20,21}
43:27 And he asked them of [their] welfare, and said,
[Is] your father well, the old man of whom ye spake? [Is] he yet alive?
43:28 And they answered, Thy servant our father [is] in good health, he [is] yet alive.
And they bowed down their heads, and made obeisance.
43:29 And he lifted up his eyes, and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother's son, and said,
[Is] this your younger brother, of whom ye spake unto me?
And he said, God be gracious unto thee, my son.
43:30 And Joseph made haste; for his bowels did yearn upon his brother:
{ie., he was overcome with emotion; his heart went out to him:}
and he sought [where] to weep; and he entered into [his] chamber, and wept there.
43:31 And he washed his face, and went out, and refrained himself, and said, Set on bread.
43:32 And they set on for him by himself, and for them by themselves,
and for the Egyptians, which did eat with him, by themselves:
because the Egyptians might not eat bread with the Hebrews;
for that [is] an abomination unto the Egyptians.
43:33 And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright,
and the youngest according to his youth: and the men marvelled one at another.
43:34 And he took [and sent] messes
{ie., servings} unto them from before him:
but Benjamin's mess was five times so much as any of theirs.
And they drank, and were merry with him.
Both Joseph and Jesus-
  1. loved their own deeply, though disowned by them. v.27-30; cp. Hos 11:8; Mat 23:37-39
    Joseph had not seen Benjamin for 22 years.
  2. knew their brethren fully, though unknown by them. v.33; Joh 2:24,25; 8:19
  3. were identified with their brethren in their trials, though unrecognized by them.
    Joseph and his brethren shared the stigma that separated them from the Egyptians. v.32
    cp. Isa 63:9; Joh 1:11; Rev 12:1-6

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